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Limits of Epistemology

English · Hardback

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At the centre of modern epistemology lurks the problem of scepticism: how can we know that the forms of our cognition are compatible with the world? How can we state success conditions for knowledge claims without somehow transcending our discursive and fallible nature as knowers?By distinguishing different forms of scepticism, Markus Gabriel shows how all objective knowledge relies on shared discourses and how the essential corrigibility of knowledge claims is a crucial condition of their objectivity. We should understand scepticism not so much as posing a threat, but as offering a vital lesson about the fallibility of discursive thinking. By heeding this lesson, we can begin to reintegrate the solipsistic subject of modern epistemology back into the community of actual knowers.Taking his cue from Hegel, Wittgenstein and Brandom, Gabriel shows how intentionality as such is a public rather than a private phenomenon. He concedes that the sceptic can prove the necessary finitude of objective knowledge, but denies that this has to lead us into an aporia. Instead, it shows us the limits of the modern project of epistemology.Through an examination of different kinds of sceptical paradoxes, Gabriel not only demonstrates their indispensable role within epistemological theorising, but also argues for the necessary failure of all totalizing knowledge claims. In this way, epistemology, as the discipline that claims knowledge about knowledge, begins to grasp its own fallibility and, as a result, the true nature of its objectivity.The Limits of Epistemology will be of great value to students and scholars of philosophy.

List of contents

Preface to the English EditionIntroductionPart I The Function of ScepticismChapter 1 Negative Dogmatism and Methodological ScepticismChapter 2 Kant's Negative DogmatismChapter 3 Metaphysical Realism and the Naïve Ontology of IndividualsChapter 4 Conceptual Relativity and the WorldChapter 5 Direct and Indirect Sceptical Arguments: The Path to Semantic NihilismChapter 6 Crispin Wright's Implosion of Cartesian Scepticism and its DialecticPart II Contextualism and the Finitude of DiscourseChapter 7 Pyrrhonian Scepticism as the Agent of EpistemologyChapter 8 Contextualism, Normativity and the Possibility of Discursive DeterminacyChapter 9 Private Language and Assertoric ContentChapter 10 The Diametrical Opposite of SolipsismChapter 11 McDowell's Disjunctivism as an Anti-Sceptical StrategyChapter 12 Stage-Setting and Discourse: The Community in ContextChapter 13 Solipsism's Representations and Cartesian ScepticismChapter 14 The Failure of Liberal Naturalism's MetatheoryChapter 15 A Final Attempt to Recover the World: Brandom with HegelNotesBibliography

About the author

Markus Gabriel was born in 1980 and studied in Heidelberg, Lisbon and New York. Since 2009 he has held the Chair for Epistemology at the University of Bonn--and with this appointment he became Germany's youngest philosophy professor. He is also the director of the International Center for Philosophy in Bonn.

Product details

Authors Alex Englander, M Gabriel, Markus Gabriel, Markus Englander Gabriel
Assisted by Alex Englander (Translation)
Publisher Polity Press
Languages English
Product format Hardback
Released 31.01.2020
EAN 9781509525669
ISBN 978-1-5095-2566-9
No. of pages 448
Subjects Humanities, art, music > Philosophy
Non-fiction book > Philosophy, religion > Philosophy: general, reference works

Erkenntnistheorie, Philosophie, Philosophy, Epistemology, Continental Philosophy, Kontinentalphilosophie, Allg. Philosophie

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