Fr. 92.50

Geographies of Health - An Introduction

English · Paperback / Softback

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Informationen zum Autor Anthony C. Gatrell is Professor of the Geography of Health at Lancaster University. His research interests include applications of spatial analysis and GIS in health and medicine, health inequalities, and associations between mobility and health. He is the author of Distance and Space: A Geographical Perspective (1983), Interactive Spatial Data Analysis (with Trevor Bailey, 1995), GIS and Health (edited with Markku Löytönen, 1998), and Geographies of Health, second edition (Blackwell, 2011). Susan J. Elliott is the Dean of the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Waterloo, Canada where she is actively involved in research related to integrated knowledge translation in the area of environment and health research. She has published extensively around relationships between health and the built environment, health and the socially constructed environment, and health and the physical environment. Her research activities span the globe, with current activities related to access to safe water and sanitation in Africa. Klappentext Setting out the debates and reviewing the evidence that links health outcomes with social and physical environments, this new edition of the well-established text offers an accessible overview of the theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and research in the field of health geography* Includes international examples, drawn from a broad range of countries, and extensive illustrations* Unique in its approach to health geography, as opposed to medical geography* New chapters focus on contemporary concerns including neighborhoods and health, ageing, and emerging infectious disease* Offers five new case studies and an fresh emphasis on qualitative research approaches* Written by two of the leading health geographers in the world, each with extensive experience in research and policy Zusammenfassung Geographies of Health provides an accessible overview of the theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and research in the field of health geography. Inhaltsverzeichnis List of Figures ixList of Tables xiiPreface xivPart I Describing and Explaining Health in Geographical Settings 1Chapter 1 Introducing Geographies of Health 3Health and Geography: Some Fundamental Concepts 6Concepts of health 7Geographical concepts 10Geographies of Health: Five Case Studies 15Neighborhoods and obesity in New York City 16Public places after the introduction of "smoke free" legislation 18The health of Aboriginal populations in Canada 19Habitus and heart health: The collision of place, body, and health 21Mental health in Australian immigration detention centers 23Concluding Remarks 25Chapter 2 Explaining Geographies of Health 29Positivist Approaches to the Geography of Health 30Positivist explanation 30Further examples of positivist approaches 31Social Interactionist Approaches to the Geography of Health 37Social interactionist explanation 38Further examples of social interactionist approaches 39Structuralist Approaches to the Geography of Health 41Structuralist explanation 42Further examples of structuralist or conflict-based approaches 43Structurationist Approaches to the Geography of Health 50Structurationist explanation 50Further examples of structurationist approaches 52Post-structuralist Approaches to the Geography of Health 53Post-structuralist explanation 54Further examples of post-structuralist approaches 54Concluding Remarks 59Chapter 3 Quantitative Methods and Geographical InformationSystems (GIS) 65Visualizing and Exploring Health Data in a Spatial Context 66Modeling Health Data in a Spatial Setting 78Geographical Information Systems and Health 86Concluding Remarks 96Chapter 4 Qualitative Approaches to Interpreting the Geography of Health 101Interviews 102Focus Groups 110Other Qualitative Methods 112Qua...

List of contents

List of Figures ix
 
List of Tables xii
 
Preface xiv
 
Part I Describing and Explaining Health in Geographical Settings 1
 
Chapter 1 Introducing Geographies of Health 3
 
Health and Geography: Some Fundamental Concepts 6
 
Concepts of health 7
 
Geographical concepts 10
 
Geographies of Health: Five Case Studies 15
 
Neighborhoods and obesity in New York City 16
 
Public places after the introduction of "smoke free" legislation 18
 
The health of Aboriginal populations in Canada 19
 
Habitus and heart health: The collision of place, body, and health 21
 
Mental health in Australian immigration detention centers 23
 
Concluding Remarks 25
 
Chapter 2 Explaining Geographies of Health 29
 
Positivist Approaches to the Geography of Health 30
 
Positivist explanation 30
 
Further examples of positivist approaches 31
 
Social Interactionist Approaches to the Geography of Health 37
 
Social interactionist explanation 38
 
Further examples of social interactionist approaches 39
 
Structuralist Approaches to the Geography of Health 41
 
Structuralist explanation 42
 
Further examples of structuralist or conflict-based approaches 43
 
Structurationist Approaches to the Geography of Health 50
 
Structurationist explanation 50
 
Further examples of structurationist approaches 52
 
Post-structuralist Approaches to the Geography of Health 53
 
Post-structuralist explanation 54
 
Further examples of post-structuralist approaches 54
 
Concluding Remarks 59
 
Chapter 3 Quantitative Methods and Geographical Information
 
Systems (GIS) 65
 
Visualizing and Exploring Health Data in a Spatial Context 66
 
Modeling Health Data in a Spatial Setting 78
 
Geographical Information Systems and Health 86
 
Concluding Remarks 96
 
Chapter 4 Qualitative Approaches to Interpreting the Geography of Health 101
 
Interviews 102
 
Focus Groups 110
 
Other Qualitative Methods 112
 
Qualitative Data Analysis 113
 
Rigor in Qualitative Research 116
 
Concluding Remarks 117
 
Part II Health and the Social Environment 123
 
Chapter 5 Health Inequalities I: Global Patterns and Regional Contrasts 125
 
Health Inequalities in the Global South 126
 
Health inequalities: Africa 130
 
Health inequalities: The BRIC countries 132
 
Health Inequalities in the Global North 139
 
Regional divides in the global north 139
 
Explaining inequalities in health outcomes in the global north 145
 
Concluding Remarks 152
 
Chapter 6 Health Inequalities II: Neighborhoods and Health 157
 
A Chicago Story 159
 
Neighborhood Context or Social Composition? 161
 
The Obesogenic Neighborhood 163
 
Psychosocial Health and Well-being 167
 
Housing and Health 169
 
Infectious Disease 170
 
Neighborhoods and Access to Care 174
 
Concluding Remarks 178
 
Chapter 7 Systems of Health Care 184
 
Principles of Health Service Delivery 185
 
Levels and types of health care provision 185
 
Promoting health, preventing illness 186
 
Health Care Systems 190
 
Geographies of rationing 192
 
Efficiency and equity 193
 
The need for health care 195
 
Inequalities in the Provision of Health Services 196
 
Health care provision in the global south 196
 
Health care provision in the global north 202
 
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The best health/medical geography textbook on the market. The adjustments, additions, and alterations in the third edition only heighten my enthusiasm. It is well organised, accessible, extremely well written and features a good range of international examples. I will certainly adopt this new edition.--Graham Moon, University of Southampton

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