Fr. 145.00

Bioenergy - Principles and Applications

English · Hardback

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Description

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The search for altenative, renewable sources of fuel and energy from plants, algae, and waste materials has catalyzed in recent years. With the growing interest in bioenergy development and production there has been increasing demand for a broad ranging introductory text in the field. Bioenergy: Principles and Practices provides an invaluable introduction to the fundamentals of bioenergy feedstocks, processing, and industry.
 
Bioenergy provides readers with an understanding of foundational information on 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels. Coverage spans from feedstock production of key energy sources such as grasses, canes, and woody plants through chemical conversion processes and industrial application. Each chapter provides a thorough description of fundamental concepts, definitions of key terms, case studies and practical examples and exercises.
 
Bioenergy: Principles and Practices will be an essential resource for students, bioengineers, chemists, and industry personnel tying key concepts of bioenergy science to valuable real world application.

List of contents

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS xix
 
PREFACE xxiii
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xxv
 
ABOUT THE COMPANION WEBSITE xxvii
 
SECTION I BIOENERGY FUNDAMENTALS 1
 
1 INTRODUCTION TO BIOENERGY 3
Samir Kumar Khanal and Yebo Li
 
1.1 Energy 3
 
1.2 Non-renewable Energy 5
 
1.3 Renewable Energy 10
 
1.4 Why Renewable Energy? 11
 
1.5 Bioenergy 13
 
References 17
 
Exercise Problems 18
 
2 UNITS AND CONVERSIONS 19
Samir Kumar Khanal
 
2.1 Introduction 19
 
2.2 Units of Measurement 19
 
2.3 Useful Units and Conversions 21
 
2.4 Energy and Heat 25
 
2.5 Volume-Mass Relationship 29
 
2.6 Ideal Gas Law 29
 
2.7 Henry's Law 30
 
References and Further Reading 32
 
Exercise Problems 32
 
3 MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES 33
Devin Takara and Samir Kumar Khanal
 
3.1 Introduction 33
 
3.2 Mass Balances 33
 
3.3 Enthalpy 35
 
3.4 Energy Balances 36
 
References and Further Reading 39
 
Exercise Problems 39
 
4 THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF BASIC CHEMICAL REACTIONS 42
Devin Takara and Samir Kumar Khanal
 
4.1 Introduction 42
 
4.2 Reaction Thermodynamics 43
 
4.3 Reaction Kinetics 46
 
References and Further Reading 48
 
Exercise Problems 48
 
5 ORGANIC AND CARBOHYDRATE CHEMISTRY 50
Xiaolan Luo and Yebo Li
 
5.1 Introduction 50
 
5.2 Structural Formulas and Classification of Organic Compounds 51
 
5.3 Aliphatic Compounds 52
 
5.4 Aromatic Compounds 61
 
5.5 Heterocyclic Compounds 62
 
5.6 Carbohydrates 63
 
5.7 Proteins and Lipids 66
 
References and Further Reading 69
 
Exercise Problems 70
 
6 PLANT STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY 71
Samir Kumar Khanal Saoharit Nitayavardhana and Rakshit Devappa
 
6.1 Introduction 71
 
6.2 Carbohydrates and Their Classification 72
 
6.3 Main Constituents of Plant Biomass 73
 
6.4 Plant Cell Wall Architecture 80
 
References 85
 
Exercise Problems 86
 
7 MICROBIAL METABOLISMS 88
Arul M. Varman Lian He and Yinjie J. Tang
 
7.1 Introduction 88
 
7.2 Carbon Metabolisms 89
 
7.3 Metabolic Models 93
 
References 104
 
Exercise Problems 105
 
Appendix 7.1 Code Useful for Example 7.2 105
 
SECTION II BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCKS 107
 
8 STARCH-BASED FEEDSTOCKS 109
Xumeng Ge and Yebo Li
 
8.1 Introduction 109
 
8.2 Corn 110
 
8.3 Sweet Potato 116
 
8.4 Cassava 120
 
8.5 Comparison of Composition Yield and Energy Potential of Corn Sweet Potato and Cassava 124
 
References 125
 
Exercise Problems 126
 
9 OILSEED-BASED FEEDSTOCKS 127
Chengci Chen and Marisol Berti
 
9.1 Introduction 127
 
9.2 Soybean 128
 
9.3 Rapeseed and Canola 132
 
9.4 Oil Palm 135
 
9.5 Jatropha 136
 
9.6 Camelina 138
 
9.7 Yield and Oil Content of Major Oilseed Feedstocks 139
 
References 140
 
Exercise Problems 142
 
10 LIGNOCELLULOSE-BASED FEEDSTOCKS 143
Sudhagar Mani
 
10.1 Introduction 143
 
10.2 Feedstock Availability and Production 144
 
10.3 Feedstock Logistics 151
 
References 167
 
Exercise Problems 168
 
11 ALGAE-BASED FEEDSTOCKS 170
Xumeng Ge Johnathon P. Sheets Yebo Li and Sudhagar Mani
 
11.1 Introduction 170
 
11.2 Algae Classification Cell Structure and Characteristics 171
 
11.3 Mechanism of Algal

About the author










YEBO LI is a Professor in the Department of Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering at the Ohio State University. SAMIR KUMAR KHANAL is an Associate Professor in the Department of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa.

Summary

The search for altenative, renewable sources of fuel and energy from plants, algae, and waste materials has catalyzed in recent years. With the growing interest in bioenergy development and production there has been increasing demand for a broad ranging introductory text in the field. Bioenergy: Principles and Practices provides an invaluable introduction to the fundamentals of bioenergy feedstocks, processing, and industry.

Bioenergy provides readers with an understanding of foundational information on 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels. Coverage spans from feedstock production of key energy sources such as grasses, canes, and woody plants through chemical conversion processes and industrial application. Each chapter provides a thorough description of fundamental concepts, definitions of key terms, case studies and practical examples and exercises.

Bioenergy: Principles and Practices will be an essential resource for students, bioengineers, chemists, and industry personnel tying key concepts of bioenergy science to valuable real world application.

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