Fr. 64.90

Front-End Signal Processing for Far-Field Speech Communication

Englisch, Deutsch · Taschenbuch

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Devices for speech communication operated in handsfree mode offer a very natural way of human communication. However, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the microphones of the device is typically low. This requires appropriate front-end signal processing (FESP) to enhance the desired speech signal.A beamformer (BF) can use the microphones of multiple devices to compensate for the low initial SNR, if all microphone positions are known. For estimating these positions the novel orthogonal geometric projection (OGP) is proposed as an approach with low user effort.For allowing a full-duplex speech communication, one acoustic echo canceller (AEC) per microphone channel is usually employed prior to the BF, which results in a high complexity. Therefore, change prediction (ChaP) is proposed that enables the use of a single AEC after the BF. By collecting information on the acoustic system over time, ChaP can facilitate the adaptation of the AEC such that this low-complexity single-AEC configuration can approach the performance of the high-complexity multi-AEC variant.Conventional linear AEC is actually insufficient for mobile consumer devices, because their low-cost loudspeakers and amplifiers show a significant nonlinear behavior. The novel dual-stage multi-channel Kalman (DualStage-MCK) algorithm also compensates for these nonlinear effects and does not suffer from limited modelling capabilities, slow tracking or high computational complexity, which are typical drawbacks of state-of-the-art solutions.The performance of the proposed solutions is evaluated in typical use cases and on realistic test data that includes device-specific acoustic shadowing and nonlinear effects acquired from specifically manufactured tablet, smart speaker and smartphone mockups.

Produktdetails

Autoren Matthias Schrammen
Verlag Shaker
 
Sprache Englisch, Deutsch
Produktform Taschenbuch
Erschienen 01.11.2022
 
EAN 9783844088090
ISBN 978-3-8440-8809-0
Seiten 208
Abmessung 150 mm x 13 mm x 212 mm
Gewicht 308 g
Illustration 47 Farbabb.
Serie Aachen Series on Communication Systems
Thema Sachbuch > Natur, Technik > Technik: Allgemeines, Nachschlagewerke

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